above) are one of the biggest trees in the world reaching up
to 50 metres tall and with a width reaching up to 16 metres.
They are strictly protected in NZ, even if they are on a
private property. The Waipou forest in Northland
was one of the first to be protected, and is where the
largest concentration of these trees can be found. There you
are able to see trees that are believed to be over 1500 year
old. The biggest Kauri found in this forest is 51.5 m tall
and 13.5 m wide. Many other trees around this region reach
close to this size, but before 1952, the year where this
area became a sanctuary, trees were cut down and sent to
Britain to be made into boats and ships.
Potuakawa Tree flower
from the beginning of November. You will find these trees
with its beautiful red flowers from the forests of Northland
all the way up to Bay of Plenty on the North Island. Because
this trees flowers around the same time as Christmas they
are sometimes referred as the New Zealand Christmas tree.
They grow more to the side than up, reaching 20 metres high
and 35 metres wide. Its flowers produce a sweet nectar,
which were used by the Maoris to make medicine. The Maoris
also used the trunk of the metrosideros excelsa
(Scientific name) to make oars and other wood crafts. The
Potuakawa tree lives up to 1000 years and grow well in rocky
soil, and resist high concentration of sodium. For this
reason they are often found on the coastline.
are found in most forests in New Zealand, with the biggest
concentration being found close to lake Rotorua and Tarawera.
The majority belong to the Cyathea group, with the most
famous being the Cyathea Dealbata also known as the
silver fern or Ponga. The leaves reflect a silver tinge thus
the name. The silver fern is one of the official symbols
used by the All Black, the national rugby team, apart from
being an inspirational symbol to the Maori, who use the
symbol on wood carvings and sculptures and even tattoos,
especially the Koru (Dicksonias specie) which is
another fern that is also readily found. Both species of
ferns are dated to the Dinosaur age.
Zeeland also has a very diverse
range of flowers which can be clearly seen during the spring
time. Botanical gardens in the major cities are best
described as a show, with native and imported plants being
on display. We are not able to list all the flowers and
plants, but we have tried to list the most important ones.
If you want to find out more about this topic This
Link will take you to a web site specializing on this
Zealand Christmas Tree - Potuhukawa