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Diverse about
New Zealand
(index Page)

In this part of the site we present some curiosities about New Zealand including useful information for students. To check the other topics, please navigate on the left bar. On this page you will find the demographics, national anthems, and flag and symbol.

Demography of New Zealand

Name: New Zealand - Abbreviation: NZ – Citizenship: New Zealander

Capital: Wellington

Independence: 26 of September 1907 (from England)

Location: Oceania, South East from Australia Coordinates: 41 00 S, 174 00 E.

Climate: mild to cold with regional contrasts

Area: 268.021 km ²

Coastline: 15.134 km

Marine Claims: 12 nautical miles- economic zone inclusive: 200 nautical miles

Terrain: predominately mountainous, coastal plain

Highest peak: Mt. Cook with 3.754 meters located in the south island.

Natural Hazards: Earthquake, Volcanic eruptions, cyclones, Tsunamis, blizzards, landslides

Natural Resources: Gas, Iron, sand, coal, wood, gold, thermal energy.

Population: 4 million (2005)  NZ Population Clock: 4.293.847 ( 2009) 

Sex:  49.9% Males-  50.1% Females

Life Expectancy: ALL 78 years – Men 76 - Woman 82

Population Growth: 1% per year

Death Rate: 7.5 / 1000 population

Median Age: 34 years

Ethnic Groups: European descendent 74.5% - Maori 9.7% - Asian 7.4%  - Pacific Islander 3.8% - Other 4.6%

Migration rate: 4 / 1000 New Zealander

Religions: Anglican 14.9%, Roman Catholic 12.4%, Presbyterian 10.9%, Methodist 2.9%, Pentecostal 1.7%, Baptist 1.3%, other Christian 9.4%, other 3.3%, unspecified 17.2%, none 26%

Official Languages: English and Maori.

Literacy: Above 15 years 99.9%

Adult: 18 years

Military service: From 17 years and voluntary

Government: Parliamentary Democracy

Government Leader: Prime Minister John Key, National Party ( 2008).

Legislative Powers:. House of Representatives - commonly called Parliament. 120 seats. 69 members elected by popular vote in single-member constituencies including 7 Maori constituencies, and 51 proportional seats chosen from party lists, all to serve three-year terms. Voting is voluntary.  .

Political Parties : ACT New Zealand  - Green Party  - National Party  - New Zealand First Party - New Zealand Labour Party  - Progressive Coalition  - United Future 

Divisions: There are no states but administrative regions. including: Auckland - Bay of Plenty - Canterbury - Chatham Islands (Considered a territory) - Gisborne - Hawke's Bay - Manawatu and  Wanganui - Marlborough - Nelson - Northland - Otago - Southland - Taranaki - Tasman - Waikato - Wellington - West Coast

National Days:  6 of February - Waitangi Day. The Waitangi Treaty was established on 6 of February 1840, and it marks the beginning of the New Zealand liberation from Britain

International Agreements: Kyoto Protocol - Ozone Layer Protection - Environmental Protocol - Marine Living Resources - Antarctic Treaty - Biodiversity - Desertification - Endangered Species - Environmental Modification - Hazardous Wastes - Law of the Sea - Marine Dumping -  Ship Pollution - Tropical Timber - Whaling

Economy: Export of industrial and and agricultural products. Growth in the technologic sector. Tourism has a large contribution to national income, with New Zealand being considered the world capital for Extreme sports.

GDP: US$ 93 Billion

GDP per Capita: US$ 27.900 per year ( 2008)

Income: average week NZ$ 538 - 80 % of employed earn up to NZ$ 28.000 /year. ( 2009)

Work Force: 2 million

Population below poverty line: 0

Inflation rate: 2.4% per year

Interest rates: 4.6% per year

Unemployment rate: 4.2% of the active population.

Export: US$ 22 billion

Import: US$ 24 billion

National Currency: New Zealand Dollar NZD or NZ$


Anthem Maori

God of nations! at Thy feet
In the bonds of love we meet,
Hear our voices, we entreat,
God defend our Free Land.
Guard Pacific's triple star,
From the shafts of strife and war,
Make her praises heard afar,
God defend New Zealand

Men of ev'ry creed and race
Gather here before Thy face,
Asking Thee to bless this place,
God defend our Free Land.
From dissension, envy, hate,
And corruption guard our State,
Make our country good and great,
God defend New Zealand.

Peace, not war, shall be our boast,
But, should foes assail our coast,
Make us then a mighty host,
God defend our Free Land.
Lord of battles in thy might,
Put our enemies to flight,
Let our cause be just and right,
God defend New Zealand. 

Let our love for Thee increase,
May Thy blessings never cease,
Give us plenty, give us peace,
God defend our Free Land.
From dishonour and from shame
Guard our country's spotless name
Crown her with immortal fame,
God defend New Zealand.

May our mountains ever be
Freedom's ramparts on the sea,
Make us faithful unto Thee,
God defend our Free Land.
Guide her in the nations' van,
Preaching love and truth to man,
Working out Thy Glorious plan,
God defend New Zealand. 

E Ihoa Atua,
O nga Iwi Matoura,
Ata whaka rongona;
Me aroha noa.
Kia hua ko te pai;
Kia tau to atawhai;
Manaakitia mai

Ona mano tangata
Kiri whero, kiri ma,
Iwi Maori Pakeha
Repeke katoa,
Nei ka tono ko nga he
Mau e whakaahu ke,
Kia ora marire

Waiho tona takiwa
Ko te ao marama;
Kia whiti tona ra
Taiawhio noa.
Ko te hae me te ngangau
Meinga kia kore kau;
Waiho i te rongo mau

Tona pai me toitu;
Tika rawa, pono pu;
Tona noho, tana tu;
Iwi no Ihoa.
Kaua mona whakama;
Kia hau te ingoa;
Kia tu hei tauira;

The New Zealand Flag is blue with the union jack on the top left, four red stars with white outline on the right representing the southern cross..

The Silver Fern is a native plant of New Zealand and it is the national symbol used to represent NZ in Sport, and tourism.

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