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Types of Work
In New Zealand

Among all types of jobs in New Zealand, Part-Time is the one growing faster along with Casual Work. The traditional full-time employment has decreased not only in the offer, but also in terms of duration of employment. Thre was a time that jobs would last for all your working life, but now may lasts just few of years and it is a sign how employers and employees live with the current job market condition in a very tight economy. Below are listed the main types of work you will find in NZ: 

Seasonal Work - it's a job to be done just during certain period of time of the year or in a season according to the need of the employer. After that period, the job will stop and it may start again few months later or next year. As an example could be working in Ski fields for the snow season, in farms, fruit picking or packing plus jobs in some tourism companies that work only when the weather and season permit. The type of work could be full-time, but the duration is only for season, and  you know that it will be limited for that period. Companies may hire Kiwis workers if available and from many other nationalities with Working Holiday Visa, Students during the school holiday period or with a Work Visa.

Casual Work - as the name implies, there is no fixed schedule to work, fixed hours or shifts.You may be called to work on Monday and Tuesday and then have several days not working during the week, and you may one day be called to work the night shift, and the next day early morning . The work is in shifts and they are programmed according to their need and you never know in advance, but you can tell the employer what are the hours you are available. There is no legal employment relationships that can ensure the continuity of the job. Most companies currently hiring full-time, contract a worker during the first three months as Casual, and only after the probation period and if they like the employee, worker will be effective in the company. Many New Zealanders, opt to be a Casual worker as you can earn a little more than a full time worker. By law, Casual workers get more then full time because they will not receive the entiltlements such as paid holidays or sick leave. Casuals cannot work more than 40 hours per week for three months, or  the employer is obliged to contract the worker as full time job. Most casual jobs are in food industry such as in restaurant for chefs, waiters,  takeaways, construction workers, trade workers, in the tourism sector, and many other industries. Some workers have more than one casual employment, if they can conciliate the working hours. There is a large number of rotative jobs as casuals.

Part-Time Work - has been increasing the offer for this type of work that is primarily for people who can not work all day, such for mothers with small kids, university students etc. Many small and medium businesses, cannot afford to have full time workers or do not require workers for the whole day so they offer part-time jobs. Some companies when they are expanding may hire first part-time workers and when the workload grows, hire the worker to full-time job. The hours for a part time are between 20-25 hours per week, and the hours and timetable of days to work are usually fixed. The biggest difference from casual work to part time workers is the worker receives full entiltlements and same amount of working hours with legal rights to receive holidays and sick leave.

Full-Time Work - the offer of full time jobs has decreased recently but still there is a demand and specially for qualified workes.By law, a full-time worker, works during 40 hours per week, with overtime paid over that period. The shifts can vary depending on the industry but usually the hours are from 9 am to 5pm but it may be other hours. Anyway, each company has a certain hours depending on the type of work and the determination of the union. Most of the workers full-time, are contracted without a definitive ending time but it has been some changes  in the market and contracts are now often offered with of a fixed time (eg: 2 years) and than the worker can reapply or not. The worker should look carefully for inclusions and any particular request in the contract be checked how to proceed to protect himself  and any kind of compensation.

Work during your holidays or public holidays are usually paid extra and could reach up to 50% of normal time, but this will depends on the industry. In some cases it could even reach up to 100% of normal time, as it is the case of workers who sell their holidays. Overtime is paid with the salary up to a certain level per week, and then only from there, they will increase in paid hours. All these extra payments may vary according to industry sector and by type of work. In some cases, if you work on a Sunday, you may not receive any extra money because it could be part of the job or contract (such as work in restaurants).

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